The Carcharias Boutique located in the small harbour of Kleinbaai offers a wide range of souvenirs and clothings items, all related to the Great White Sharks and Sharks in general. This is the only shop worthwhile visiting in Gansbaai to purchase great Shark souvenirs, read about Sharks, admire photos or just meet other Shark people.

Carcharias is dedicated to informing people about the often misunderstood Great White Shark. You will find a lot of information about the Great White Shark at the Carcharias shop - there are also SOUVENIRS like postcards, posters and videos featuring this magnificent creature of the deep. Carcharias also has an exclusive clothing range of T-Shirts, Caps, Shorts and Jackets depicting the Great White Shark in modern designs. We help visitors to keep in touch by providing Internet services on our premises. Our Big Bite kitchen serves a range of different snacks and meals. 

The NANDE YBY - NUESTRA TIERRA ASSOCIATION  is a civil, non-governmental, non-profit organization (NGO) created on December 19, 2001, by a group of enthusiast naturalists, graduates from the Escuela Argentina de Naturalistas ("Argentine School of Naturalists"). After some time, many volunteers coming from different disciplines joined our team (lawyers, biology students, geologists, rangers, sociologists), attracted by the broad vision of reality that distinguishes us as naturalists. Despite the diverse academic background of our team, the naturalist spirit that motivated the creation of the Association is still the distinctive seal of our work.

Our aim: To promote all kinds of activities to enhance knowledge of nature, conservation of native fauna and flora, and the sustainable use of natural and cultural resources in Argentina, in order to improve the quality of life both for present and future generations.

Sharks all over the world are being subjected to intense fishing pressure world-wide as a result of the high demand for shark fins and cartilage. Their survival depends completely upon our effort to protect them. Indeed if we do not hurry up some species could get extinct before the end of the first decade of the new millennium.

Despite some local initiatives, we are yet to accomplish a proper management of shark populations along our 8.000 Km’ coast. In order to guarantee the perpetuation of the species found in our waters it seems crucial to implement mechanisms to promote their conservation and to collect information based on their exploitation.

With that in mind, the Aqualung Ecological Institution, developed the Sharks in Brazil Project - PROTUBA, which will be a Project for the Preservation of Sharks Species in Brazilian Coastal and Oceanic Waters.

Juan Manuel Copello, Argentina – Photographer. Lived over 30 years at Punta Norte and observed more than 1000 Orca attacks on various prey. Visited Orca in New Zealand waters to observe foraging behaviour.

Punta Norte Orca Photo-Identification Catalogue

To gain information on a species or population of animals, scientists employ a wide range of tools. Some methods require the researcher to identify individuals. To do this the use of tags for marking animals is being replaced by the ability to recognise individuals by their natural markings, and markings resulting from injury. Identifying animals by these naturally occurring features can be difficult and requires patience and practice, however, it is often the best approach in terms of minimising suffering and disruption to the animal. One way of keeping track of markings on an individual is photography, hence this method is commonly referred to a'photo-identification' or 'photo-I.D.' These photo-I.D. methods have become standard practice for researchers working with cetaceans, even using photos of the animals that were not originally taken for identification purposes, including photographs taken by the public.

Juan Carlos Lopez - Founder member and President of Fundación Orca Patagonia - Antártida. Creator and director of Proyecto Orca Patagonia-Antártida. Research Director of the Orca Project Antarctic Expedition. Director of Shark Project. Member of "The Explorers Club"

It is an observation program and study of behavior of orcas in the wild,  based on photo identification. We started our records on the 8th of January of 1975 becoming pioneers in the long term studies on orcas  in Argentina, giving the first names and identification codes to each one of the orcas observed at Punta Norte, Península Valdés, Province of Chubut, Patagonia Argentina. Publishing in 1991 the first  catalogue "WANTED" that identifies orcas of Argentina. During 1985 we informed the international scientific community, by publishing a paper in the Journal of Mammalogy, about the intentional stranding techniques of the orcas of Patagonia, to capture sea lions - Otaria flavescens - and southern elephant seals - Mirounga leonina - "KILLER WHALES  (Orcinus orca)  OF PATAGONIA, AND THEIR BEHAVIOR OF INTENTIONAL STRANDING   WHILE HUNTING NEARSHORE " 66(1):181 -183. Since July 1975, and from then we are offering educational programs about the wild orcas behavior and their problematic in captivity. Trying to educate teachers, as much as their pupils, or the general public upon the necessity of observing the orcas for ever free.

Buceo Aventura es una operadora de buceo con base en Puerto Piramides, Peninsula Valdes; en la Patagonia Argentina, a 1500 km de Buenos Aires aproximadamente.

La empresa esta conformada por: Instructores de Buceo, Buzos Profesionales, Capitanes de barco, y Guías balleneros

Con años de conocimiento de los lugares de la Península, lo que garantiza la calidad en el servicio y seguridad de las navegaciones e inmersiones. Nuestra mision es que conozcas y disfrutes las maravillas de este único lugar, realizando ya sea tu primer o avanzada experiencia. Sumergirse en las trasparentes aguas de la Patagonia, te harán descubrir un sin fin de especies y quizas también podrás recibir la visita de algun mamífero marino del lugar.

Si tu espiritu es de aventuras... te esperamos para compartirlas juntos.

Formed in 2002, Bite-Back continues to be the UK's only organisation dedicated to the protection of sharks by reducing consumer demand for its meat and fins.

With the law of supply and demand at its cornerstone, Bite-Back works together with restaurants, fishmongers and retailers to remove shark products from menus and fish counters, effectively lowering the trade in this threatened species.

Since its launch, Bite-Back's ongoing success has seen the organisation take on more mainstream marine conservation issues including campaigns to significantly reduce the trade in other threatened species; lowering levels of oceanic pollution and; protecting fragile coral reefs. Each campaign has been developed to empower the public to become more resolute in its commitment to conserving the oceans, at a local level, through awareness, education, motivation and inspiration.

Stock Photography & Royalty Free Stock Photos - Fotosearch LLC

Buy and download your pictures, or get fast delivery on CD-ROM. The Fotosearch image search engine saves you time by allowing you to search over 700,000 images from over 50 stock photography, illustration, and video footage publishers at one website. Fotosearch and Photosearch are trademarks of Fotosearch, LLC

Web Site dedictated to protect and save the sharks, containing a lot of information about Sharks. Designed and created by Alex "The Sharkman", from Malta (Europe) who was the instigator of the Great White Sharks being protected around Malta in the Med.

Eposharks : All about SHARKS is a site dedicated to the most misunderstood and mysterious creatures on earth. The SHARKS ! Sharks have ruled the seas for million years. They existed before mankind, even before the dinosaurs. Because of that, they are worthy our respect. Most people are scared of Sharks . Well, take a look at this site, maybe you can conqueror you fear... The site is made by Thomas Balis, from Belgium, Europe.

Underwater Video Services specialises in filming sharks. When owner, Charles Maxwell, is not filming for a specific television production, he is looking for new shark species and areas to film sharks off the South African coast. This website looks at the challenges and potential dangers associated with working with sharks in their own environment.
Underwater Video Services
P.O. Box 282, Constantia 7848
Cape Town, South Africa
Tel: + 27-21-794-3595
Fax: + 27-21-794-5449
Mobile: + 27-82-568-8347

Purpose: Why does Project AWARE exist? We exist to cultivate interest in programs and initiatives within the diving community in preserving the aquatic environment and its resources. Mission: What do we intend to do? We intend to teach the world about the importance and responsibility of preserving the aquatic environment. Vision: How do we intend to do it? By developing and disseminating educational materials, creating public awareness campaigns, promoting and organizing industry efforts at a "grass roots" level, providing direct financial support for worthwhile endeavors, creating innovative projects and building alliances and partnerships with other organizations to strengthen our common goals. Commitment:What are we committed to? We are committed to the conservation and preservation of the aquatic environment and its resources.

Established in 1997, the Shark Trust promotes the study, management and conservation of sharks, skates and rays. The Shark Trust is the UK member of the European Elasmobranch Association. As such, it collaborates with other national member bodies to achieve their aims in British, European and international waters. The Trust aims to join forces with other groups concerned with shark, skate and ray conservation issues. These include commercial fisherman, recreational sea anglers, divers, yachtsmen, and all those who want to ensure the future survival of these fascinating but threatened animals.
AfriOceans Conservation Alliance is a non-profit organisation based in Cape Town, South Africa. Our mission is to promote the conservation, protection and sustainable utilization of Africa's marine resources.

AOCA seeks to align and partner with organisations, scientists and environmentalists that subscribe to policies that promote sustainable marine conservation and development. AOCA develops and promotes training, education, awareness and science initiatives; it encourage government and corporate policies and practices that provide meaningful marine conservation, and calls upon all people, particularly the young, to aspire to the long-term conservation of the oceans off the African continent.

The Save our Seas Foundation is a non-profit Swiss foundation with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. Its purpose is to implement and support diverse programmes aimed at education, protection and conservation of the marine environment around the world. Its Foundation Board discusses the allocation of funds, sponsorship and policy. The Founder has provided the Foundation with sufficient means to cover its administrative costs and to insure that all future donations and sponsorships go directly to help worthy marine projects.

Awareness, protection, preservation and conservation of the global marine environment are the heart of the Foundation's mission and to act as an inspiration for the preservation of this natural heritage of international importance.

Belgium (in french) web site dedicated to the Great White Sharks
SHARKLIFE is a registered non-profit organisation based in South Africa. It's founding members are dedicated individuals who have invested their personal time and funds with a vision of preserving the oceans apex predators and ultimately the health of our oceans.

The SHARKLIFE Mission: To prevent the shark species from declining to a point beyond recovery with a direct focus on altering public misconception through shark education, research and legislation

The SHARKLIFE Vision: A global shift in attitude towards the Shark species resulting in an awareness which affords sharks due respect and understanding. Ultimately ensuring the stability of our oceans and our planet.

Shark Research Institute (SRI), a multi-disciplinary non-profit 501(c)(3) scientific research organization, was created to sponsor and conduct research on sharks and promote the conservation of sharks. Founded in 1991 at Princeton, New Jersey, USA, SRI has field offices in Canada, the Galapagos Islands, Honduras, Mexico, South Africa and the Seychelles. A new data collecting site has been established in Australia.

SRI works with the scientific community, individuals and organizations concerned about the health of our marine ecosystem, and marine resource users: subsistence fishermen, sport divers, and the dive tourism industry. SRI works to correct misperceptions about sharks and stop the slaughter of 100 million sharks annually. A primary goal is creating value for sharks as sustainable natural resources for the dive tourism industry, particularly in developing countries. By so doing, a steady revenue stream is also generated for local fishers that might otherwise slaughter the sharks for immediate gain. Current programs involve visual and satellite tracking, behavioral and DNA studies of sharks, environmental advocacy, publications and public education.

From the outset, the founders of the International Fund for Animal Welfare, or IFAW, rejected the notion that the interests of humans and animals were separate. Instead they embraced the understanding that the fate and future of harp seals-and all other animals on Earth-are inextricably linked to our own. IFAW's courageous actions drew international attention to the plight of the seal pups and successfully rallied worldwide condemnation of the hunt. Thanks to IFAW's continued vigilance, it is now illegal to hunt whitecoat seal pups for commercial purposes on the ice floes off Canada's east coast. This is a fragile victory, however, for Canada's commercial seal hunt persists. More than 200,000 harp seals have been reported killed so far this year. IFAW continues to document and expose abuses of the commercial hunt and press for an end to this cruel, unsustainable slaughter. Over the years, the small team of committed campaigners reaching out to help seals has grown to become the world's leading international animal welfare organization. IFAW begins its fourth decade of operation with more than 200 experienced campaigners, legal and political experts, and internationally acclaimed scientists working from offices in 13 countries around the world. We are now joined in this important work by some two million contributors worldwide. This broad base of support makes it possible for IFAW to engage communities, government leaders, and like-minded organizations around the world and achieve lasting solutions to pressing animal welfare and conservation challenges-solutions that benefit both animals and people. Over the years, our approach has been as varied as the species we protect.

Founded in 1948, The World Conservation Union brings together States, government agencies and a diverse range of non-governmental organizations in a unique world partnership: over 980 members in all, spread across some 140 countries. IUCN's MISSION: To influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. As a Union, IUCN seeks to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable. A central secretariat coordinates the IUCN Programme and serves the Union membership, representing their views on the world stage and providing them with the strategies, services, scientific knowledge and technical support they need to achieve their goals. IUCN's VISION: A just world that values and conserves nature. Through its six Commissions, IUCN draws together over 10,000 expert volunteers in project teams and action groups, focusing in particular on species and biodiversity conservation and the management of habitats and natural resources. The Union has helped many countries to prepare National Conservation Strategies, and demonstrates the application of its knowledge through the field projects it supervises. Operations are increasingly decentralized and are carried forward by an expanding network of regional and country offices, located principally in developing countries. The World Conservation Union builds on the strengths of its members, networks and partners to enhance their capacity and to support global alliances to safeguard natural resources at local, regional and global levels.

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between Governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Widespread information nowadays about the endangered status of many prominent species, such as the tiger and elephants, might make the need for such a convention seem obvious. But at the time when the ideas for CITES were first formed, in the 1960s, international discussion of the regulation of wildlife trade for conservation purposes was something relatively new. With hindsight, the need for CITES is clear. Annually, international wildlife trade is estimated to be worth billions of dollars and to include hundreds of millions of plant and animal specimens. The trade is diverse, ranging from live animals and plants to a vast array of wildlife products derived from them, including food products, exotic leather goods, wooden musical instruments, timber, tourist curios and medicines. Levels of exploitation of some animal and plant species are high and the trade in them, together with other factors, such as habitat loss, is capable of heavily depleting their populations and even bringing some species close to extinction. Many wildlife species in trade are not endangered, but the existence of an agreement to ensure the sustainability of the trade is important in order to safeguard these resources for the future. Because the trade in wild animals and plants crosses borders between countries, the effort to regulate it requires international cooperation to safeguard certain species from over-exploitation. CITES was conceived in the spirit of such cooperation. Today, it accords varying degrees of protection to more than 30,000 species of animals and plants, whether they are traded as live specimens, fur coats or dried herbs. Not one species protected by CITES has become extinct as a result of trade since the Convention entered into force and, for many years, CITES has been among the largest conservation agreements in existence, with now over 150 Parties.
Our Mission : The African Conservation Foundation is dedicated to supporting and linking African conservation initiatives, groups and NGOs, with the aim to strengthen their capacity, build partnerships and promote effective communication and co-ordination of conservation efforts.

Our Goal : To help conserve the wildlife and flora of Africa through capacity-building, training and education.

This portal provides in-depth information from our project network as well as conservation databases, interactive knowledge base & discussion forums and many other resources. Please help us to further conservation efforts on the ground in Africa - we are supporting NGOs and Conservation Groups by offering them capacity-building and educational facilities such as information networks, communication channels, Websites, training and GIS & Remote Sensing consultation. By linking all these different organizations, and providing them with an important research and communication resource, ACF is enabling them to have a greater impact on the ground in Africa.

We hope to see you soon at the Addo Elephant National  Park. Situated in a malaria free area just one hour's drive from the South African coastal city of Port Elizabeth, our magnificently diverse national park offers a wide variety of game viewing, outdoor adventure, accommodation and cultural experiences. You will be amazed at the variety of natural landscapes and wildlife species that can be experienced in one easily accessible destination.

"Big 7" Experience: You've heard about Africa's Big 5 - the elephant, lion, rhino, leopard and buffalo. Well, we are about to become the only wildlife park in the world where you can view Africa's Big 7 in their natural environment. Yes, with the proposed expansion of our park to create the "Greater Addo Elephant National Park", you will be able to see the Big 5 plus whales and great white sharks - all in one great park comprising a 372 000 ha terrestrial zone and a 120 000 ha marine zone.

How to find Addo? The park is situated 72 km from Port Elizabeth in the Sundays River Valley and Zuurberg Mountain range. The access road from the main road (4 km) is tarred as far as the restcamp. Roads within the restcamp are tarred – all other internal roads are gravel.

The South African Collaborative White Shark Research program presents the collaboration between all the people and scientists working on White Sharks in South Africa.

The American Elasmobranch Society is a non-profit organization that seeks to advance the scientific study of living and fossil sharks, skates, rays, and chimaeras, and the promotion of education, conservation, and wise utilization of natural resources. The Society holds annual meetings and presents research reports of interest to students of elasmobranch biology. Those meetings are held in conjunction with annual meetings of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists each year at rotating North American venues. Click here for site and registration information on the upcoming annual meeting.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an umbrella organization of the world's conservation agencies and institutions. It includes both governmental and non-governmental members. The IUCN actively supports the conservation of biological diversity, the preservation of life-support systems, and the sustainable use of living resources. The IUCN has six Commissions, including the Species Survival Commission (SSC), the largest and most active unit. Within the SSC are a series of specialist groups composed of conservation experts which promote action to arrest the loss of the world's biological diversity and to restore threatened species to safe and productive population levels. The Shark Specialist Group (SSG) and its regional shark specialist groups are composed of elasmobranch specialists willing to donate their time in identifying the problems associated with the maintenance of elasmobranch stocks in their regions.

The Commercial Shark Fishery Observer Program (CSFOP) is a cooperative effort of the Florida Museum of Natural History and the fishers of the United States Atlantic commercial shark fishery. Historically supported by grants from two U.S. Department of Commerce funding programs, Marine Fisheries Initiative (MARFIN) and Saltonstall-Kennedy (SK), and by the Highly Migratory Species division of the National Marine Fisheries Service, the CSFOP places fishery observers on cooperating commercial shark fishing vessels to observe the composition and disposition of the catch and by-catch. Monitoring of the southeastern United States shark fishery began in January 1994 and funding is in place through the summer of 2001.

The Not-for-Profit organization was established by a group of like-minded people – passionate about working for the conservation of Australia’s unique marine environment. ECOCEAN works to generate public awareness for marine conservation issues. ECOCEAN also encourages and facilitates quality research to provide important information (data) to assist with 'best practice' management for the future conservation of the marine ecosystem. Often, important research and the associated gathering of data can be achieved with the help of the public - via simple community monitoring projects. At present, the primary interests of ECOCEAN include increased protection for the biodiversity of Ningaloo Marine Park in Western Australia and, in particular, the threatened whale sharks. In fact, the first high profile activity that ECOCEAN has been involved with was the protection of the largest shark in the ocean – the whale shark (Rhincodon typus) - in all Australian waters. The shark is listed by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) as vulnerable to extinction. Founders of the group (Brad Norman & Rhiannon Bennett) have continued to work for the conservation of the whale shark since 1994. ECOCEAN's work to establish a greater understanding of the global marine environment, has received acknowledgement and support from local, national and international groups - and is greatly appreciated. ECOCEAN continues to undertake and support quality research – linking this with broad community and government education programs to bring about appropriate marine conservation.

The Marine Conservation Society (MCS) is the UK's national charity dedicated to the protection of the marine environment and its wildlife. Founded following Underwater Conservation Year in 1977, MCS has worked successfully to highlight issues of concern and threats to marine wildlife and the wider marine environment, bringing them to the attention of the public, media, politicians and Government agencies alike. MCS involves thousands of volunteers in surveys and other projects, has a network of local supporters' groups, and works with other bodies of like-mind to achieve common goals. MCS informs Government, the European Union and industry with sound, accurate advice. MCS has a regular presence in Whitehall and Westminster and enjoys a very high media profile in TV, radio and newspapers, consistently bringing marine conservation to the attention of the UK public. MCS educates with a wide range of educational resources including factsheets, books and websites, catering for the wider public as well as teachers and students.
The small Bahamian island of Bimini is under direct threat from Hilton Hotel's project to build the Bimini Bay Resort and Golf Course, destroying the local fragile ecosystem and mangroves. Bimini is also the home of the famous Bimini Biological Field Station.
Review of the great white shark - Carcharodon carcharias

Prepared by Ian K. Fergusson, Shark Trust & IUCN Shark Specialist Group

American Elasmobrach Society
American Fisheries Society
American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
Association of Systematics Collections
Australian Museum's Fishes
Biodiversity and Biological Collections web server, Cornell University
Biosis Internet Resource Guide for Zoology: Fish
California Academy of Sciences Ichthyology Department
Catalogue des poissons, Paris, France
Council of Fisheries and Oceans Libraries (COFOL), Fisheries and Oceans Canada
European Society of Ichthyologists
Florida Biotic Information Consortium
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission - Freshwater Fishes
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission - Marine Fisheries
Fish Base
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ichthyology Web Resources
National Museum of Natural History, Washington
Oceans Canada
Seahorse Key Marine Laboratory
Societe Francaise D'Ichthyologie
Texas Natural History Collections, Ichthyology Division
University of Washington Fish Collection
Zooarchaeology Comparative Collection - Fish at the FLMNH
The American Elasmobranch Society
Australian Shark Attack File Taronga Zoo
The Basking Shark Web
A Classification of the Living Sharks and Rays of the World
The European Basking Shark Identification Project (EBSPIP)
German Elasmobranch Society - in German
University of Hawaii
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
The Mediterranean Shark Site
Elasmobranch Research at the Monterey Bay Aquarium
Mote Marine Laboratory
The Natal Sharks Board
National Marine Fisheries Service's - Atlantic Shark Management
University of Nottingham Ibis Labs - elasmobranch taxonomic, userid elasmobranch
NMFS Apex Predator Program
Sawfish Conservation Biology Web Page
Shark Population Assessment Group
Shark Trust, UK
The Whale Shark Bibliography
Whale Shark Rhincodon typus Policy and research scoping study
WWF: An Overview of World Trade in Sharks